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NFPA 160 CPT 14

For those that skim: in our last letter we mentioned a draft of the NAFAA 3 regs that were to be massaged into the NFPA 160 codes.  You may download the final version here:
And reply to this email with comments.

The whole story.
For a long time now, we’ve been looking to help legitimize fire performance. After many good stabs at it, council decided that by changing the laws, our way, not by letting them legislate them to us, was the preferred and possibly only method.  The NAFAA 2 codes were written to more easily fit into law books and one by one we started submiting them.  Many places agreed and either made them policy or wove them in with some kind of law.  But the grand-daddy of fire codes was still in the dark ages.  The NFPA had no real codes to handle fire performers despite the 160 codes specifically applying to them.

Last year we were approached to participated in the committee that writes the 160 codes.  Time was short, but it was decided that 3 options existed.  First, we could let them write new codes.  This was generally viewed as the worst case scenario, as it strongly resembled the source of most of our problems now.  Next was to post a link to the NAFAA 3.0 codes and let them reference the material.  However, since referencing outside materials has no teeth, it was generally believed that this would be almost as good as doing nothing.  Finally, the option of taking the 3.0 codes and altering them to meet the NFPA writing and legal standards, and inserting them into their own chapter seemed the best way to handle things.

We still intend to give the NAFAA members a voice.  So, we’ve posted the final draft to our website for final review by you.  I know it’s not as readable and the language is a little more harsh, but many of those changes are necessary to fit in the NFPA stadards.  Let us know if you see anything missing, incomplete, badly worded,  or worth removal.  Better yet, when this draft appears on the NFPA site, make your comments there to be fully official.  Deadline is May 1st

And let us know how you feel about this draft being law in most jurisdictions.

NFPA 160

Since it’s inception, NAFAA has tried to bring some kind of respectability to the fire arts and favorable legal attention. Part of the problem was always that few places had even heard of fire arts, let alone had any kind of regulations for them. There are no national regulations, though the closest to them would be the NFPA codes, specifically the 160 codes.

The unfortunate part of the 160s is that the bulk of them are focused at Propane flame effect installations in amusement parks and carnivals. There’s a tiny section on “handheld torches” that has had to suffice for regulating fire performers. Naturally It left a lot up to the unfortunately ignorant Fire Marshalls on duty.

NAFAA tried to patch this problem by developing it’s regs. Well, to be fair, we started by trying to build one big super-regs by gathering all the regs we could find then have one set of codes people could follow to be legal everywhere. That didn’t work. The very first two sets of codes we gathered had directly conflicting lines.

So we switched to making a set of codes that addressed the concerns fire marshals had, but in ways that were cost efficient for travelling buskers. That worked. And over the years we tapped more departments, more officials, more performers, more venues and started really zeroing in on their concerns. We thought our version 3 codes were pretty much the end of it.

Then about a year ago, NAFAA councilman Tedward got offered a position on the NFPA Flame Effects Technical committee, the folks that write the 160 and 1126 codes. Unfortunately, his sponsor died a week later, so contact with the group mostly ended. …Until mid October of 2018.

Tedward got a mass notice to join in the first draft revision of the rules. This meeting was well organized and allowed for remote attendance. To avoid a lot of dry meeting notes, the Tech committee decided to add an entire chapter in the 160 codes, specifically for fire performers.

This is where the membership will come in. We’d like to hear you opinion on our next step. We have basically 3 choices:
1) Get out of it. Back out and don’t help with the chapter. This will mean we’d have to leave things up to TC members that admittedly don’t know much about the fire arts. While this might keep things from getting “over regulated”, it may also allow them to impose a lot of unnecessary rules. For the record the council has voted against this.
2) Insert a link. We can keep the Nafaa 3 codes as they are and just have them insert a link to the latest set of our codes. This gives us great speed to change them when new topics, tools and trades pop up. It could also, however, lead to them ignoring the link and going back to #1
3) Finally, embedding the codes, wholecloth, into the 160s. This would mean, at the very least, renumbering and rewording to meet the NFPA style guidelines. It puts our long fought codes into the hands of the NFPA, and any changes we want to make to them would have to be on their 4 year schedule. However, there would be no question about fire performance being separate from propane devices and no question about the authority of the regs.

We have done the required changes to the regs to submit them for draft approval.  These include a complet renumbering and some minor grammatical changes.  Sections that conflict with standing NFPA code have been removed and annotated for the standing code.  At the second draft meeting in Feb 2019, there may be changes to them for implementation to the final draft.  We will be sending these changes to the membership for comment and voting.

The submitted draft has been posted to the regs page for review.

Silvadene update 2017

For quite some time now NAFAA it has been trying to stop  fire performers sharing Silvadene as a first aid treatment for burns. We still did not endorse this behavior however we feel that it is time to bring the entire subject to a head.

Let’s begin with how it’s supposed to be used.  Silver sulfadiazine (sold as Silvadene and Thermazene) is intended to treat open burns of 2nd or 3rd degree (not 1st), after the initial damage is done, and when the wound is in danger of sepsis (bacterial infection). It is a Sulfa Drug and may trigger severe reactions on contact. So it it provided only by prescription and a doctor should be consulted before use.

Okay, so lets start with the big one: Sulfa Allergies.  About 1 in 1000 people have allergies to sulfa drugs.  Sometimes these are stable allergies with known, constant symptoms, others change. Common allergic reactions are rash, itching, breathing problems, swelling, and more rare headache, trouble sleeping, cloudy urine (crystalluria), and low blood counts. Severe reactions can include anaphylaxis through simple contact.  So it’s probably best if you keep your supply in a ziplog bag to help prevent unwanted contact.

Next, first aid.  At no point was Silvadene intended for use as immediate treatment of burns.  A large study found that it was less effective than placebo for first aid treatment of burns.  Here’s why:  first, the carrier paste in silvadene is about the consistency of peanut butter and does not dissolve into the body.  When applied to a fresh burn, it can trap he heat inside and cause the burn level to increase.  Also, because it doesn’t dissolve, there’s the problem of trapping an holding dirt and debris in the wound, sticking to bandages, and concealing complications.  Second, though it is an anti-bacterial antibiotic, it does not treat viral infections, and does nothing if the skin is uncompromised. So, first degree burns and second degree blisters get no benefit at all.  Further, overuse of this drug is contributing to the overuse of antibiotics in general, leading to resistant strains of disease.

So, to sum up.  Sharing prescription Silvadene is helping to develop antibiotic resistant strains of disease, could be putting your friends in danger of allergic reaction that could lead to death, and the first aid use of it could be damaging them further in numerous ways even if they’re not allergic.  No first aid kit should EVER have silvadene in it.  It should not be shared with people who have not been prescribed. It should be stored inside other containers to prevent accidental contact.  Similarly, when used properly, wounds with Silvadene present should be covered to prevent accidental contact.

New site

Why the switch to WordPress?  Simplicity.  Media wiki, while possibly the “right” software for what NAFAA needs, it has numerous complicating factors that make it less usable.  The most notable was the upgrade of our captcha program that forced us to choose between disallowing people to log in, and allowing 500 spam bots a minute in.

At the very least, we know that with our servers,  we can set up WP to allow people to log in, be sure they’re not spam bots, and let them make comments without an admin approving each step.

Update: in the process of switching over, a new anti-anti-spam was developed and the entire wikimedia site was shut down.  Yaaaay….