Arizona Burn Center

Arizona Burn Center

==First Aid Response ==
What you do for a burn in the first few minutes after it occurs can make a difference in the severity of the injury!

* Stop the Burning process. Remove the source of heat…if clothing catches fire, STOP, DROP, AND ROLL to smother out the flames.
* Remove All Burned Clothes. Clothing may retain heat and cause a deeper injury. If clothing adheres to the skin, cut or tear around adherent area to preserve good skin tissue.
* Pour Cool Water Over Areas Burned. Keep pouring the cool water for at least 3-5 minutes (30-40 minutes for chemical injury). DO NOT PACK THE BURNED AREAS IN ICE! This may increase the extent of injury and cause hypothermia.
* Remove All Jewelry, belts, Tight Clothing etc from over the burned areas and from around the victims neck. Swelling of burned areas occurs immediately!
* Do Not Apply Ointments or Butter to Wounds. These may cause infection due to their oil base and convert wounds to deeper injury.
* Cover Burns with a Clean Dry Dressing, Bandage or Sheet.
* Keep Victim Warm!
* Seek Medical Attention as Soon as Possible!

===First Degree Burns ===
A first degree burn is like a sunburn. It hurts and turns the skin a different color. After a few days it heals.

===Superficial and Mid-dermal, Partial Thickness Burns ===
As these wounds progress, they form blisters (remember the body fluid we talked about?). If these blisters pop, wet body fluid leaks out. After that happens, it is very important to put some fluid back into the body. This can be done by drinking a lot of juices (if your tummy is not sick). Sometimes this fluid is put into your body using an I.V. (a plastic tube that goes under the skin and into your blood vessel; a special watery substance drips inside). Some second-degree burns heal. It takes about two weeks to heal, but deeper Mid-dermal burns are deeper into the skin and sometimes these will not heal well without an operation and skin grafting.

===Full Thickness Burns ===
Full Thickness burns are very deep into the skin. The skin feels very dry and hard. These burns dont have much feeling because the nerves (little things inside the skin that tell the body when it hurts) are damaged. These burns will not heal without an operation.","utf-8"
"514","This page will be expanded and refined over time. this is the current draft.
In 2006, we took a poll of the major burn treatment centers in the US, gave them a scenario of a desert raver ”(Specifically, the “desert raver” scenario involved someone out of cell range, and probably more than an hour away from emergency evac or hospitalization. Many hospitals, particularly those on the east coast had trouble believing such a situation could exist, however, this is an incredibly common situation in the Californian deserts and mountains.)”, and asked what should be done to treat various wounds. Some sources took a little convincing to get over the knee-jerk reaction of saying take them to an emergency ward but most came around once the situation was fully explained. That said, the following suggestions are not intended as an alternative to proper medical care, but rather a supplement when 1st world medicine may not be readily available.
*[[Grossman Burn Center, Van Nuys CA. ]] – known as one of the best burn units without an extravagant budget.
*[[Arizona Burn Center]]
*[[Burn Center at Saint Barnabas ]]
*[[International Society for Burn Injuries ]]
*[[University of Utah Health Services Center ]]
The Ft Sam Houston Military Burn Ward, and Bethesda Naval Hospital were also contacted but would not reply.","utf-8"

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